Los anacronismos políticos

liderazgo-politico

Alumnos del Master en Gobernanza, Marketing Político y Comunicación Estratégica del IDP de la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos & VONSELMA INTERNATIONAL.

Anacronismo (del griego ἀνά ‘contra’ y χρόνος ‘tiempo’) se refiere a algo que no se corresponde o parece no corresponderse con la época a la que se hace referencia.

Aplicándolo más específicamente a nuestro tema: anacronismo político es proceder fuera del tiempo político-administrativo que corresponde al Chile de hoy. Hay líderes políticos que parecen desconocer la legislación vigente. Hablan como políticos de los años 60, cuando el Estado tenía un poder de control y fiscalización mucho más efectivo o real que el que tiene el actual sistema legal neo-liberal que determina nuestra vida civil, social y económica. ¿Conocen estas personas el alcance del poder del sector privado de la economía? ¿Están informados de lo que puede hacer una autoridad en el área empresarial? ¿Han estudiado alguna vez que es lo que es fiscalizar en la economía neo-liberal de mercado chilena? Algunos aparecen haciendo declaraciones por tv y radio contra los empresarios y funcionarios públicos relacionados con temas económicos. Otros se desgastan escribiendo críticas políticas en diarios contra todo lo que se realiza en la agenda de los políticos. Pareciera que nada está bien. Al conocerlos de cerca son tan consumistas como la mayoría. No tienen un modelo de vida alternativo. La post-modernidad los aplastó hace tiempo. No tienen nada.

Un ejemplo concreto. Algunos queriendo canalizar las quejas ciudadanas por el alza de pasajes en 200 pesos de los traslados Linares-Talca, reajuste que incluye tramos a Colbún y zonas rurales, como Melozal en 100 pesos, emplazaron al SEREMI del transporte del Maule, César Muñoz, para que interviniera en este tema de mercado. El aludido respondió: “no podemos regular tarifas de empresas privadas de buses”. Las tarifas y su valor están sujetas a decisiones de mercado. Aclaro que las fiscalizaciones a los buses de pasajeros, tanto entre ciudades, localidades y en el radio urbano son permanentes, no existe despreocupación”. Junto con esto, el personero de Gobierno Regional criticó que los privados decidieran aumentar tarifas justo en marzo, el mes más complicado para la economía familiar. ¿Qué más podía hacer? No tiene más atribuciones administrativas. Mientras tanto la gente afectada escucha, lee y comenta este intercambio de declaraciones y contradeclaraciones. Es un espectáculo repetitivo. Las personas que aparentemente tienen poder, en realidad no lo tienen.

¿Entonces? Existe un problema visible: necesidad de una mayor regulación y fiscalización a las empresas de buses interprovinciales. ¿Para qué? Para evitar que suban los pasajes. Parece lógico. Pero no funciona así el sistema chileno. Hay una libertad de precios y un mercado sobre el cual el Estado no tiene un control centralizado. No estamos en Cuba o en Venezuela. Pero no es necesario estar bajo una dictadura comunista o “democracia caudillista” o “fascismo de izquierda” para tener un control necesario sobre estas situaciones económicas que afectan negativamente al ciudadano común. ¿Entonces? A veces se forman movimientos con ciertos fines. Se protesta, se reclama, etc. El sistema está lo suficientemente consolidado y puede tolerar estas expresiones de descontento. Permite una “dramatización social”, deja que se vivan momentos de “espejismos de poder”, pone límites a hechos violentos más o menos extremos, establece ciertos espacios de diálogo, reparte soluciones sectoriales, aísla a los sectores más radicalizados y espera el desgaste del conflicto.

¿Entonces? Mientras no se realice un cambio político en el mismo sistema estatal chileno seguiremos con estas declaraciones y contra declaraciones. En la Concertación se funcionó de igual manera. El sector privado operaba con todo el poder capitalista. ¿Por qué la señora Bachelet es querida por mucha gente de la derecha económica que está detrás de la política partidaria de este sector? Incluso es deseada por gente de este sector de una manera que impresiona. Porque, la alta clase empresarial chilena no perdió nada realmente sustancial con ella. Las grandes fortunas de capitalistas chilenos que están entre las primeras en todo el mundo, siguieron creciendo y esta simpática señora repartió subsidios y otros regalos para los más pobres, igual como se hace hoy. Algunos dicen que el tema es quién reparte más de estos regalos. Según estas personas, la centro-izquierda lo hace siempre mejor. Es algo mágico. ¿y el centro liberado de la censura izquierdista? Hay gente que está ansiosa por recuperar puestos y sueldos y salir a repartir estos regalos, saludando de paso a los que tienen cada vez más. Porque tenemos ricos cada vez más ricos y pobres que no han salido realmente de una situación precaria y a veces miserable.

El sector privado tiene más poder que el pueblo chileno. Tiene más poder que el Estado. Más poder que Parlamento. ¿Entonces? No hay un pueblo organizado masivo. No hay un Estado regulador. El individualismo está masificado. Lo solidario, por ejemplo, se hace dentro de este paradigma. La gente es ocasionalmente solidaria, pero no se organiza para ser solidaria en forma permanente. La teletón, aparentemente, mueve a todo el país. Pero, muchos empresarios que parecen muy generosos, pagan bajos sueldos a sus trabajadores amparados por la ley. La misma gente de una población popular que reúne dinero con mucho sacrificio, con rifas y otras actividades, etc. para cooperar con la teletón, discrimina a personas de otras poblaciones que sienten como inferiores o más pobres. Los grupos socio-culturales territoriales o funcionales no representan al pueblo masivo. Una cultura de la solidaridad organizada es mínima.

En resumen: se hace agitación social pero no se construye un nuevo tejido social solidario o comunitario popular permanente. Se producen protestas masivas que desaparecen al poco tiempo. Y lo peor, se cuestiona a la autoridad, desconociendo el poder real que esta tiene frente al sector privado. ¿Qué puede hacer un senador realmente? ¿Qué puede hacer un consejal o un alcalde en este sistema neo-liberal que impera hoy en Chile? Por lo menos hay que tener esto claro, cuando se hace una crítica política. En el pasado los conservadores y los liberales se atacaban mutuamente. Era un problema de poder y en segundo lugar ideológico: católicos contra anti-clericales, pero, la explotación en los campos se mantenía intacta y lo mismo en el resto de la población urbana. Hoy esta confrontación se da entre la concertación y la derecha. Dentro del sistema que impera se puede gritar, insultar, etc. con límites, pero todo queda igual. Se escucha una respuesta: no tengo atribuciones para impedir un alza de pasajes. Pero, se aparece en la tv, en la radio y en el diario. Eso es todo.

Hacer política en Chile hoy es cambiar esto. ¿Cómo? primero, reconociendo que esto está pasando y segundo, partir de lo local, paso a paso, construyendo cosas concretas que de todas maneras estarán dentro del sistema. La gente necesita cosas concretas y no mera agitación. Ejemplo, que el Estado vía la municipalidad, tenga una locomoción alternativa más barata mientras los privados no bajen las tarifas. Dentro del sistema de mercado. Esto supone una ley, un proceso legislativo,etc. y bastante dinero. Porque, una mera agitación es un nuevo consumismo que se desgasta según los mecanismos del sistema establecido. Nada más.

  suhagra50

Comments

comments

Authors

Related posts

53 Comments

  1. use this link said:

    I simply want to say I’m newbie to blogging and truly savored your web-site. Very likely I’m going to bookmark your site . You absolutely come with perfect articles. Thank you for sharing your web-site.

  2. John Deere Service Manuals said:

    I dont think Ive caught all the angles of this subject the way youve pointed them out. Youre a true star, a rock star man. Youve got so much to say and know so much about the subject that I think you should just teach a class about it

  3. Arden said:

    Does anyone know how you get those customised backgrounds on wordpress. All i can seem to get is the ones they provide. Can someone help me pleaseeeeeeeeeee?.

  4. Cheap Flights said:

    I’m writing to make you know of the really good encounter my wife’s princess experienced going through your web site. She noticed such a lot of pieces, most notably what it is like to possess a marvelous giving nature to get the rest easily fully grasp chosen problematic topics. You actually did more than visitors’ expectations. Thanks for supplying those good, healthy, revealing not to mention fun thoughts on that topic to Sandra.

  5. Reed said:

    Looking for a good website to post samples of creative writing for others to read, review and comment on. Any ideas?.

  6. Mel said:

    What’s the best way to copyright a website and all its contents? Copyright poetry?

  7. wisata purwakarta said:

    Whats Going down i’m new to this, I stumbled upon this I have found It absolutely useful and it has aided me out loads. I hope to give a contribution & help different users like its aided me. Good job.

  8. automotive news said:

    Fantastic beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your web site, how could i subscribe for a blog website? The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear idea

  9. marketing said:

    It is perfect time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I wish to suggest you some interesting things or tips. Maybe you can write next articles referring to this article. I want to read more things about it!

  10. free online games said:

    Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wished to say that I have truly enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. After all I will be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again very soon!

  11. business service said:

    Wow, fantastic weblog layout! How lengthy have you been running a blog for? you make running a blog glance easy. The overall look of your web site is magnificent, as well as the content material!

  12. business plan said:

    Thank you a lot for providing individuals with a very brilliant opportunity to read from this site. It is often so fantastic and stuffed with amusement for me personally and my office fellow workers to visit your website at the least thrice in 7 days to read the new guides you will have. Of course, I’m just actually fascinated with your fabulous methods served by you. Certain 1 facts in this posting are clearly the very best we’ve had.

  13. arts and communication said:

    Excellent beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your website, how could i subscribe for a blog site? The account aided me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear concept

  14. Vacation said:

    Generally I do not read article on blogs, however I wish to say that this write-up very pressured me to check out and do so! Your writing taste has been amazed me. Thanks, quite great article.

  15. law firms said:

    Thanks so much for providing individuals with an extremely special opportunity to check tips from this website. It is always very good plus stuffed with a good time for me personally and my office acquaintances to search the blog a minimum of thrice in a week to read the new things you have got. And definitely, we are actually pleased with your magnificent opinions served by you. Some 2 areas on this page are in reality the simplest we have all ever had.

  16. modern technology said:

    We are a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community. Your site provided us with valuable info to work on. You have done a formidable job and our whole community will be grateful to you.

  17. great site said:

    I just want to say I am new to blogs and certainly enjoyed you’re website. Probably I’m want to bookmark your site . You really come with great posts. Thanks a bunch for sharing with us your web site.

  18. Hotel Packages said:

    I am only writing to let you be aware of what a superb encounter my girl developed reading through the blog. She came to find several things, which include what it is like to have a great helping nature to have most people without difficulty master several multifaceted subject areas. You actually surpassed my expected results. Thanks for coming up with the productive, healthy, informative not to mention unique tips on the topic to Tanya.

  19. upcoming technology said:

    Excellent read, I just passed this onto a colleague who was doing a little research on that. And he just bought me lunch because I found it for him smile Therefore let me rephrase that: Thank you for lunch!

  20. chocolate cake recipe said:

    I wish to show some appreciation to the writer just for rescuing me from this problem. Just after looking out through the world wide web and meeting proposals which were not productive, I figured my entire life was gone. Living without the answers to the issues you have sorted out through the review is a critical case, and ones that would have in a negative way damaged my career if I hadn’t discovered the website. Your primary talents and kindness in playing with the whole thing was important. I don’t know what I would have done if I had not come across such a stuff like this. I am able to at this moment look forward to my future. Thanks for your time very much for your impressive and sensible guide. I won’t be reluctant to propose the blog to any person who would like tips about this subject.

  21. home said:

    I haven¡¦t checked in here for a while since I thought it was getting boring, but the last several posts are great quality so I guess I¡¦ll add you back to my daily bloglist. You deserve it my friend :)

  22. Travel Guides said:

    I haven¡¦t checked in here for a while because I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are great quality so I guess I will add you back to my daily bloglist. You deserve it my friend :)

  23. Health said:

    You made a few good points there. I did a search on the issue and found a good number of persons will have the same opinion with your blog.

  24. information technology said:

    What i don’t realize is in truth how you’re not really a lot more smartly-liked than you may be right now. You’re so intelligent. You already know thus considerably when it comes to this matter, produced me personally believe it from a lot of various angles. Its like men and women aren’t involved except it¡¦s something to do with Lady gaga! Your individual stuffs nice. All the time maintain it up!

  25. home finder said:

    I have been exploring for a little for any high-quality articles or blog posts in this kind of area . Exploring in Yahoo I eventually stumbled upon this website. Studying this information So i am glad to convey that I’ve an incredibly just right uncanny feeling I came upon just what I needed. I so much surely will make sure to do not omit this site and provides it a look on a constant basis.

  26. Entertainment said:

    whoah this blog is magnificent i love studying your articles. Keep up the good work! You already know, a lot of individuals are looking around for this info, you can help them greatly.

  27. business said:

    Heya i’m for the first time here. I came across this board and I find It truly useful & it helped me out much. I hope to give something back and help others like you helped me.

  28. investment news said:

    whoah this weblog is excellent i love reading your posts. Stay up the great paintings! You know, lots of people are looking round for this info, you can help them greatly.

  29. global stock market said:

    Magnificent beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your web site, how could i subscribe for a blog website? The account aided me a acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright clear idea

  30. Fashion Designer said:

    It¡¦s really a nice and useful piece of information. I¡¦m happy that you shared this helpful info with us. Please stay us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

  31. women's health said:

    Wow! Thank you! I always needed to write on my blog something like that. Can I take a portion of your post to my blog?

  32. web design said:

    Wow, superb weblog structure! How long have you been running a blog for? you made blogging look easy. The total look of your website is excellent, let alone the content!

  33. advertisement ideas said:

    I actually wanted to post a small word in order to thank you for some of the magnificent ideas you are giving out here. My extensive internet search has at the end of the day been honored with good know-how to go over with my classmates and friends. I would admit that most of us website visitors are definitely endowed to live in a fabulous site with very many perfect individuals with very beneficial solutions. I feel really privileged to have discovered the webpage and look forward to so many more thrilling minutes reading here. Thanks a lot again for all the details.

  34. Manuel said:

    I’m trying to use software to erase the information on my old computer before donating it. The mouse is not working on the computer. I’ve tried another mouse on the computer and it still will not work. I need to reboot my computer in order to start the disc wiper. Is there a way of rebooting my computer without a mouse? Thanks so much!.

  35. automotive solutions said:

    I¡¦m now not positive the place you’re getting your information, but good topic. I must spend a while learning much more or figuring out more. Thanks for magnificent information I was looking for this information for my mission.

  36. cool games said:

    I have been examinating out a few of your posts and i must say clever stuff. I will surely bookmark your site.

  37. Jose said:

    I want to blog regarding problems I do not desire associating with my ‘job’ self. Exactly how do I choose a blog site host that has a great anonymity record, to put it simply, I do not desire it to be simple for people to pair up my IP address or gain access to my individual information. Also, having established the blog site up, just how do you motivate high quantity site visitors?. I’ve just made use of LJ before as well as I wish to attempt something a bit various, however anonymity is the largest concern for me. Would welcome pointers of good cost-free blog site hosts.

  38. Andreas said:

    What are some good Tumblr blog sites that permit you to submit pictures, to get more followers?

  39. Android Technology said:

    I have read several good stuff here. Certainly price bookmarking for revisiting. I surprise how a lot effort you put to make any such excellent informative site.

  40. arts and education said:

    I do agree with all the ideas you have offered on your post. They’re really convincing and can certainly work. Nonetheless, the posts are too quick for starters. May you please lengthen them a little from next time? Thanks for the post.

  41. Adventure Sports said:

    Howdy very nice site!! Man .. Excellent .. Superb .. I’ll bookmark your web site and take the feeds also¡KI’m glad to seek out numerous useful info right here within the post, we need work out more strategies in this regard, thank you for sharing. . . . . .

  42. Airfare said:

    Great amazing things here. I am very happy to look your article. Thank you a lot and i’m having a look ahead to contact you. Will you please drop me a mail?

  43. travel said:

    I would like to thnkx for the efforts you have put in writing this site. I’m hoping the same high-grade blog post from you in the upcoming also. Actually your creative writing abilities has inspired me to get my own website now. Really the blogging is spreading its wings quickly. Your write up is a great example of it.

  44. home based business said:

    Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is a very well written article. I’ll make sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your useful information. Thanks for the post. I’ll definitely comeback.

  45. health clinic said:

    I¡¦ll immediately snatch your rss as I can not to find your e-mail subscription hyperlink or newsletter service. Do you have any? Please let me recognise so that I may just subscribe. Thanks.

Top